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A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms : Being an Account by the Chinese Monk Fa-­Hsien of his Travels in India and Ceylon (A.­D. 399-­414) in Search of the Buddhist ... Discipline (Illustrated) (English Edition)
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James Legge

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Title: A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms : Being an Account by the Chinese Monk Fa-­Hsien of his Travels in India and Ceylon (A.­D. 399-­414) in Search of the Buddhist ... Discipline (Illustrated) (English Edition)

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This book is an illustrated version of the original A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms by James Legge. The present work consists of three parts: the Translation of Fa-­Hsien's Narrative of his Travels; copious Notes; and the Chinese Text of my copy from Japan.
It is for the Translation that I hold myself more especially responsible. Portions of it were written out three times, and the whole of it twice. While preparing my own version I made frequent reference to previous translations:­—those of M. Abel Remusat, "Revu, complete, et augmente d'eclaircissements nouveaux par MM. Klaproth et Landress" (Paris, 1836); of the Rev. Samuel Beal (London, 1869), and his revision of it, prefixed to his "Buddhist Records of the Western World" (Trubner's Oriental Series, 1884); and of Mr. Herbert A. Giles, of H.­M.­'s Consular Service in China (1877). To these I have to add a series of articles on "Fa-­hsien and his English Translators,­" by Mr. T. Watters, British Consul at I-­Chang (China Review, 1879, 1880). Those articles are of the highest value, displaying accuracy of Chinese scholarship and an extensive knowledge of Buddhism. I have regretted that Mr. Watters, while reviewing others, did not himself write out and publish a version of the whole of Fa-­Hsien's narrative. If he had done so, I should probably have thought that, on the whole, nothing more remained to be done for the distinguished Chinese pilgrim in the way of translation. Mr. Watters had to judge of the comparative merits of the versions of Beal and Giles, and pronounce on the many points of contention between them. I have endeavoured to eschew those matters, and have seldom made remarks of a critical nature in defence of renderings of my own.

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