543 books for genre «History, Criticism, & Surveys»

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This pamphlet was first published before the American Revolution. Inciting the people against the British rule, it gained immense popularity amongst the inhabitants of the colony. It contributed greatly to the revolution as it evoked the masses to rise against injustice. An outline for the constitution was also proposed in the pamphlet.

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Creative Evolution is a 1907 book by French philosopher Henri Bergson. Its English translation appeared in 1911. The book provides an alternate explanation for Darwin's mechanism of evolution, suggesting that evolution is motivated by an ?­lan vital, a "vital impetus" that can also be understood as humanity's natural creative impulse. The book was very popular in the early decades of the twentieth century, before the Neodarwinian synthesis was developed.

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, or On Education or Émile, Or Treatise on Education is a treatise on the nature of education and on the nature of man written by Jean-­Jacques Rousseau, who considered it to be the “best and most important of all my writings”. Due to a section of the book entitled “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar,­” Emile was banned in Paris and Geneva and was publicly burned in 1762. During the French Revolution, Emile served as the inspiration for what became a new national system of education.

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In 1831, Charles Darwin embarked on an expedition that, in his own words, determined my whole career. chronicles his five-­year journey around the world and especially the coastal waters of South America as a naturalist on the H.­M.­S. Beagle. While traveling through these unexplored countries collecting specimens, Darwin began to formulate the theories of evolution and natural selection realized in his master work, The Origin of Species. Travel memoir and scientific primer alike, The Voyage of the Beagle is a lively and accessible introduction to the mind of one of history's most influential thinkers.

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Have you ever laid awake at night fretting over how we can be sure of the reality of the external world? Perhaps we are in fact disembodied brains, floating in vats at the whim of some deranged puppet-­master? If so, you are not alone—and what’s more, you are in exalted company. For this question and other ones like it have been the stuff of philosophical rumination from Plato to Popper.
In a series of accessible and engagingly written essays, 50 Philosophy Ideas You Really Need to Know introduces and explains the problems of knowledge, consciousness, identity, ethics, belief, justice and aesthetics that have engaged the attention of thinkers from the era of the ancient Greeks to the present day.

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Bestselling author Simon Blackburn tackles the key questions in philosophy—and provides easy-­to-­understand and enlightening answers.­In Big Questions: Philosophy, bestselling author Simon Blackburn addresses the 20 essential questions:­What is the meaning of life? Am I free? Why is there something and not nothing? What do we really know? Is there such a thing as society? Can machines think? What is time? How can I deceive myself? Why be good? What fills up space? Can we truly understand each other? Why do things keep on keeping on? Are we rational? What am I? What are my rights? Is truth relative? Do we need God? What is human nature? What is beauty? Is death to be feared?

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Ce este adevărul? De unde știu cine sunt? De ce ar trebui să fim buni? Există multe cărți despre filosofie. Cu toate acestea, Cine sunt eu? diferă față de celelalte lucrări de introducere în filosofie. Nimeni nu a reușit până acum să pună cititorul față-­n față cu marile întrebări ale omenirii într-­o manieră atât de documentată, de competentă și, în același timp, cu umor și cu eleganță.

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David Hume, the 18th century philosopher, economist, and historian, uses a lively Socratic discussion by three characters to explore the nature of religion and God, particularly whether and how one can know that God exists.

Having been accuse...

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Nietzsche proposes in "Beyond Good and Evil" a system of inquiry and analysis known by the phrase 'history as critique.­' This straightforward manner of investigation leads Nietzsche to question all of culture's most venerated conventions: science, religion, politics, decency and linguistic stock. He begins this process by overriding tradition when he says "only that which has no history can be defined.­" An explanation of virtue, for example, can only be written when the defintion eludes all possible requisites of custom and habit. We cannot properly administer the philosophical aspects of morality except through divine direction, suspicion, or an unexamined dependence on tradition. Because of this, Nietzsche calls to question the foundational premise that it is best for human beings to seek the truth. How do we know that mendacity isn't better? What is truth, anyway? He disputes the intention of the traditional esoteric venture. He unburdens all sources of cultural . . .

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Francis Bacon, lawyer, statesman, and philosopher, remains one of the most effectual thinkers in European intellectual history. We can trace his influence from Kant in the 1700s to Darwin a century later., first published in 1605, contains an unprecedented and thorough systematization of the whole range of human knowledge. Bacon’s argument that the sciences should move away from divine philosophy and embrace empirical observation would forever change the way philosophers and natural scientists interpret their world.

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Books for genre History, Criticism, & Surveys